A BRIEF REVIEW ON PERIODONTAL DISEASES

  • Raja Biswas Department of Pharmacology, Kota College of Pharmacy, Kota, Rajasthan, India.
  • Chetan Kumar Dubey Department of Pharmacology, Kota College of Pharmacy, Kota, Rajasthan, India.
  • Surya Pratap Singh Department of Pharmacology, Kota College of Pharmacy, Kota, Rajasthan, India.
  • M. P. Khinchi Department of Pharmacology, Kota College of Pharmacy, Kota, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gum and tissues that surround and support the teeth.
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in dental plaque, the sticky substance that forms on your teeth a couple of hours
after you have brushed. Interestingly, it is your body's response to the bacterial infection that causes most of the problems.
In an effort to eliminate the bacteria, the cells of your immune system release substances that cause inflammation and
destruction of the gums, periodontal ligament or alveolar bone. This leads to swollen, bleeding gums, signs of gingivitis (the
earliest stage of periodontal disease), and loosening of the teeth, a sign of severe periodontitis (the advanced stage of
disease). The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on
the extent of the gum disease.

Keywords: inflammation, bacteria in dental plaque, destruction of the gums, periodontal ligament

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How to Cite
Biswas, R., Dubey, C., Singh, S., & Khinchi, M. (2017). A BRIEF REVIEW ON PERIODONTAL DISEASES. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, 5(2), 1-7. Retrieved from https://www.ajprd.com/index.php/journal/article/view/326
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Review Articles

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